Gingivitis is an inflammation of the gums. It’s a common dental problem caused by bacteria. Timely treatment can help avoid the spread of the disease and if left untreated, it can lead to periodontitis which is a more serious gum infection and which is also non-reversible. 

Gingivitis can also lead to tooth loss in adults and may also cause dental alignment concerns. Plaque is actually responsible for gum infection as it can extend below the gum line and prevent nutrition to the teeth and gums there causing infection.  

With regular dental check-ups and timely treatment, the risk of gingivitis can be minimized and if left untreated, it can cause the gums to separate from the teeth. This is how the tooth got loose and becomes unstable leading to premature loss or removal.    

  • People who smoke or chew tobacco are more at risk for gingivitis
  • Diabetics are more likely to get gum infections
  • Those who have crooked teeth or have loose dental appliances or broken fillings are also more at risk for gingivitis
  • Pregnancy and genetic factors and the use of certain medications may also increase the risk of gingivitis.

Common Symptoms of Gingivitis

Gum disease will not always come with visible signs and that’s why many people don’t know they have the problem. In most cases, there are no symptoms of gum disease yet the problem continues to fester within leading to dental issues.

Here are some of the common symptoms of gingivitis –

Red, tender or swollen gums

If your gums are red, tender or swollen it means you are suffering from gingivitis and you should immediately consult the dentist. Otherwise, the problem can deteriorate and lead to periodontitis.

Bleeding gums

When your gums bleed when you brush or floss the teeth, it’s a sure sign that gingivitis has struck you. If the problem goes away in a day or two, it’s fine otherwise see a dentist and get a check-up. 

More Read: 10 Ways To Make Your Teeth White Naturally

Gums pulled away from the teeth

Gingivitis can make your teeth loose and in such a condition the gums are bound to get pulled away from the teeth. If the problem is not treated timely, it can lead to tooth loss.

Loose teeth

Loose teeth are one of the common causes of gingivitis and this happens due to the softening of the gum lines. If your teeth feel like loose, consult the dentist immediately for a checkup.


When you have gingivitis there will be a slight change in the way your teeth fit together when biting. This condition is known as malocclusion.

Pus between teeth and gums

Having pus between teeth and gums is one of the common symptoms of gingivitis. And you should never ignore pus else it can lead to tooth decay.

Pain when chewing

Pain is quite common when chewing in cases where someone has gingivitis. If the pain appears every time you chew, it’s better to consult the dentist and get a checkup.

Sensitive teeth

Teeth sensitivity is one of the most common symptoms of gingivitis and they are something you just can’t take lightly ever. So, it’s always better to see the dentist and see what it is.

Partial dentures with loose-fitting

If your partial dentures no longer fit it means your teeth have become loose and it also means you may have gingivitis. Consulting the dentist is always a good decision in such cases to avoid the problem to intensify further. 

Bad breath

Foul-smelling breath is a common symptom of gingivitis and when the problem does not go away even after brushing see a dentist nearby. Else chances are you may have a gum infection.