Cancer is a condition in which there is an abnormal cell growth that damages the primary along with other body parts too. These abnormal growth of cancer cells are malignant and benign both. Cancerous cells can penetrate into normal body tissues, and the benign tumor does not spread to other body parts and do no harm. 

Common types of cancer

There are many types of cancer, but there are some which are very common. We have listed them for you:

1. Breast cancer 

Breast cancer is one of the most common cancers in India and occurs when normal cells in tissue start to grow abnormally and divide themselves in an uncontrolled manner. 

2. Prostate cancer 

Prostate cancer is another most common cancer which starts when a series of gene mutations in prostate cell’s DNA causes the cell to grow and divide uncontrollably.

3. Colon cancer

Colon cancer is cancer that starts in the cells of the colon and is quite common. It is counted among the third most common cancers in India in both genders.

4. Lung cancer 

Lung cancer is a cancer type in which uncontrolled cell growth in tissues of the lung. This growth can also spread beyond the lungs and can damage nearby tissues or other body parts.

More Read: 5 Cancer-Fighting Superfoods

5. Leukemia 

Leukemia is a type of cancer of blood-forming tissues which also includes bone marrow. There are many types of Leukemia cancer counting acute myeloid leukemia, chronic lymphocytic leukemia, and acute lymphoblastic leukemia.

6. Cervical cancer 

Cervical cancer is one more most common type of cancer in which there is the growth of abnormal cells in the lining of the cervix. This type of cancer starts in the area of the cervix termed as a transformation zone and can spread to tissues around the cervix counting the vagina and other parts of the body like the liver and lungs too.

7. Kidney cancer

Kidney cancer is also known as renal cancer is a disease in which kidney cells grow abnormally and become malignant, forming a tumor. All kidney cancers at starting occur in the lining of tiny tubes in the kidney. 

8. Pancreatic cancer 

It is the type of cancer that occurs when the cancer cells develop and grow in part of the pancreas. This abnormal growth of cells affects the working of the pancreas counting exocrine or endocrine functions.

List of Best Cancer Hospitals in India

There are many best cancer hospitals in India. Below we have lits de ten best cancer hospitals in India :

  1. Dharamshila Narayana Superspeciality Hospital, New Delhi
  2. Indraprastha Apollo Hospital, New Delhi
  3. Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital, Mumbai
  4. Medanta – The Medicity, Gurgaon
  5. BLK Super Speciality Hospital, New Delhi
  6. Cancer Institute (WIA) Adyar, Chennai
  7. Apollo Hospitals, Greams Road, Chennai
  8. Artemis Hospital, Gurgaon
  9. Fortis Memorial Research Institute, Gurgaon
  10. Global Hospitals, Chennai

Cancer treatments 

There are many treatment options available for cancer, and the choice of treatment entirely depends upon the location, grade, and stage of cancer. The cancer treatment options are 

Surgery

Surgery cure non-hematological cancers entirely, but when cancer spreads to other body parts, then only surgery cannot cure it. Surgical procedures of cancer include:

  • Mastectomy for breast cancer
  • Prostatectomy for prostate cancer
  • Lung cancer surgery for non-small cell lung cancer

Radiation therapy

Radiation therapy is a therapy that is a part of cancer treatment to control malignant cells. It is the process used to treat a number of types of cancer it is localized to a single area and is applied to the cancerous tumor because it has an ability to control cell growth. It is very common to combine radiation therapy with other cancer treatments when recommended by the oncologists.

More Read: Blood Cancer – Know the Signs, Causes & Diagnosis

Hormonal therapy 

This type of treatment is used to treat many types of cancer-derived from hormonally responsive tissues. It is used to treat ameliorating specific cancer. 

Targeted therapy 

Targeted therapy is used to treat cancer and blocks the growth of cancer cells by interfering with specific targeted molecules required for tumor growth. This type of therapy is considered more effective in comparison to other older forms.

Immunotherapy

It is also known as biological therapy that boosts the body’s natural defenses to fight cancer. It is used to stop or slow the growth of cancer cells and even stop cancer from spreading to other body parts. 

Chemotherapy 

Chemotherapy is the most common treatment of almost all types of cancer which is done solely or else also combined with other cancer treatment options to kill cancer cells from the overall body.